PRETORIA, SOUTH AFRICA – MARCH 03: Health workers receive COVID-19 vaccine at George Mukhari Hospital on March 3, 2021 in Pretoria, South Africa. (Photo: Gallo Images / Lefty Shivambu)
The NIDS-CRAM study also shows that rotating schooling interferes with the learning trajectory and deprives children of a school meal.
South Africans don’t hesitate to get vaccinated – in fact, more than 71% of adults surveyed in the NIDS-CRAM Wave 4 study on the impacts of Covid-19 said they would get vaccinated if a vaccine was available.
“Compared to other countries, vaccine acceptance is therefore higher than recent estimates from the United States and France, but lower than that of China, Brazil and the United Kingdom. Young people and those with only primary education were more likely to be reluctant to vaccinate, ”write the survey’s lead researchers, Nic Spaull and Reza Daniels.
People with co-morbidities, those who are older were less likely to hesitate to be vaccinated.
“After controlling for income, education, and other variables, race is not a significant predictor of vaccine reluctance,” the researchers found. But Afrikaans-speaking South Africans were the most skeptical. “Forty-two percent of Afrikaans responding to home language were reluctant to immunize, far more than the national average,” write Spaull and Daniels.
Those who were worried about vaccines (29% of 5,629 respondents) attributed this to a fear of side effects, didn’t think it was an effective method, or were generally anti-vaxxers.
The survey is in its fourth wave, or series, and is representative of the South African population. It was on the ground in the first quarter of 2021.
If the vaccine is the good news, then the bad news is that students are being left behind. The education trajectory has been heading south rather than north on the improvement ladder. Rotational learning, now the norm for the majority of young people in school, affects both hunger and academic progress.
“In 2020, South African primary school children in free schools learned 50% to 75% less than what they normally learn,” say the researchers. Although they did not interview the children, the early grade reading study and English as an additional first language studies in Mpumalanga and the Funda Wanda study in the Eastern Cape were used to measure learning losses. Three rounds of research now show that a lack of time in school compromises the academic progress made to date.
“The real demons in schools are the rotational learning schedules, which are ongoing,” says Spaull, who adds that while most other sectors have returned to full-time operations, schools are on learning. per rotation due to physical distance regulations. “No one (who has a job) works but the children cannot go back to school full time. Social distancing is not enforced in taxis and elsewhere, so why only in schools. “
Research has found that open schools operating with normal supplements do not pose an undue risk to teachers as unions initially feared. Where teachers have succumbed to Covid-19, this matches the national trend in mortality, research shows. “The majority of parents and caregivers in South Africa (58%) agreed that children should be able to attend school every day, rather than rotating schedules,” the research found.
Spaull says research in Brazil has shown it would take three years to return to pre-Covid learning trajectories, but he believes it could take 10 years for South Africa to return to previous learning outcomes.
While other countries have come up with remedial plans such as mass classes on Saturdays or additional tutoring at school, there is no indication that this is blossoming in South Africa.
Rotating schooling has another impact in its wake. Marion Wagner, CEO of Breadline, which provides meals to 20,000 people a day in the Western Cape, says her teams report scores of other young children on the streets unsupervised and with inadequate clothing or footwear for the creepy winter.
They are joining food ranges in unprecedented numbers. She attributes this to rotational learning that deprived children of the school lunch that has become so vital to their nutrition and well-being. Another reason is that many early childhood development centers have not reopened or closed because parents cannot afford the fees. The sector is not properly subsidized.
“Power lines continue to increase,” says Wagner, who says that despite the reduction in lockdown levels, the number of hungry people has not declined.
“We’re only seeing a drop in the number of people during grant week,” she said. It is the week when people receive social grants. Since the lockdown was imposed in March 2020 and at every phase of the research, the NIDS-CRAM investigation has revealed Dickens’ hunger levels in South Africa.
Two-thirds of households told researchers they had run out of money to buy food in at least one of the four surveys to date. “This figure was the highest in April 2021 at 47% and 40% in the next three waves,” write Spaull and Daniels.
Childhood hunger was also reported by 32% of respondents who responded on behalf of their household through the waves. “The difference between these two numbers also shows the continued prevalence of ‘protection’, where adults in the household manage to protect their children from hunger to the extent that they can and by starving themselves. DM / MC
If you would like to support Breadline, please donate to www.breadlineafrica.org.
More about this article: Read More
This notice was published: 2021-05-12 08:03:24